Certain Special therapies specific to Siddha system of medicine is also in practice for required cases in the hospital . These procedures are as important as the internal medicines in the management of health and diseases in the Siddha system of medicine. In several instances, only these procedures without any internal drug, is sufficient and their procedures are already systematized for ailments. This includes special therapies like Varmam, Yogam etc and External therapies like Physical manipulation (Thokkanam), Ottradam (Fomentation) etc.
SPECIAL THERAPY INCLUDES
- Karanool sigitchai
In our National Institute of Siddha we are having separate section dealing with Varmam treating many conditions like Cervical spondylosis, lumbar spondylosis , Frozen shoulder, paraplegia and hemiplegia through Varmam techniques and started documenting the prognosis also. The effect of Varmam on Peripheral Neuritis and Epilepsy studies designed accordance with Evidence Based Medicine clinical trials protocol has to be executed in near future.
Varmam Therapy is the Pressure manipulation over these points with a particular
force for the specified time. This will regulate the flow of panic energy which is
obstructed due to assault on these points (Varmam points) or due to any other causes.
The basic principle is to normalize the flow of Varmam energy. The methods of Varmam treatment being practiced today can be classified as follows:
- Energy based treatment
- Vital air based treatment
- Nervous system based treatment
- Bone based treatment
- Muscle based treatment
- Internal organ based treatment
The above said treatment procedures are appropriately chosen and carried out
by well-trained and experienced Varmam experts by appropriate hand/digit usage.
Siddhars have described several yogic postures which are aimed at developing and maintaining the wellness of the body and soul. Saint Thirumoolar has detailed several yogasanas (yogic postures) in his valuable work titled ‘Thirumandiram’.
In our hospital patients are taught several Yoga practice related to their disease conditions.
YOGIC POSTURES OF PATIENTS
Karanool therapy is a unique para surgical treatment carried out for the management of fistula-in-ano. It is a method of chemical cauterization of the patient fistulous tract. Caustic substances like Achyranthus salt, Dalmia extensa salt etc. are smeared on a surgical linen thread which is used to cut the tract. The major advantages of this procedure are, it will preserve the function of continence and prevents the recurrence of the condition. Any doctor with surgical basics can be trained to do this procedure.
KARANOOL THERAPY PROCEDURE
PURA MARUTHUVAM - EXTERNAL THERAPY SERVICES IN IPD
- Thokkanam – Physical manipulation
- Attai vidal - Leech Therapy
- Suttigai - Cauterization
- Patru - Poultice
- Ottradam - Fomentation
- Poochu - Anointing
- Pugai - Fumigation
- Kattu - Bandage Dressing
- Nasiyam – Nasal drops
- Vethu – Steam inhalation
- Seelai -Medicated Gauze or Plaster
- Kombu Kattal - Fracture Immobilization
- Pottanum - Medicated Pouch
- Pasai – Cream
- Kalimbu - Oinment
- Peechu - Enema
- Ennai kattu – Oil pooling
THOKKANAM (PHYSICAL MANIPULATION THERAPY)
Thokkanam is used for the patients with the complaints of deranged Vaatham and associated humors, it is a physical/therapeutic manipulation and mobilization procedure usually done with hands on the body in nine different ways with or without the application of medicated oil in five different postures (standing, sitting, walking, lying on side and supination). This treatment is given to the patients by the trained professionals.
THOKKANAM (PHYSICAL MANIPULATION)
ATTAI VIDAL (LEECH THERAPY)
Attai vidal is a procedure used to remove toxins from blood using leeches. It is useful in arthritis, eczema, certain eye diseases, dysmenorrhoea and traumatic swelling.
ATTAI VIDAL (LEECH THERAPY)
Burning of the tissues to remove or close a part of it. Usually used to stop heavy bleeding. It is used in Scrotal swelling, Abdominal swelling, Kapha disorders etc.
WOOD CAUTERY - HEAT APPLICATION WITH TURMERIC STICK
METALLIC CAUTERY - HEAT APPLICATION USING METAL
A poultice, also called cataplasm, is a soft moist mass, herbs often heated and medicated, is spread over the skin to treat an aching, inflamed, or painful part of the body. Poultices are also applied in skin diseases as emollient, anti-microbial and anti-allergic. Patients with Frozen shoulder, Lumbar spondylosis are treated with this procedure.
APPLICATION OF PATRU (POULTICE)
Ottradam is given to the patients with the complaints of contusion and other swelling it is also used in certain dermatological conditions. Ottradam is the application of hot or cold packs of substances like medicinal leaves, pulses, cereals husk, lime, brick powder, etc. on or around the affected part, this ‘warm application’ induces fomentation, or sweating which helps to disperse aggravated doshams in the affected area and dilating all body channels for cleansing.
APPLICATION OF OTTRADUM (FOMENTATION)
Application of liquid formulation locally. Application of medicated oils or herbal juices or mixtures powdered drugs. This is mainly used to reduce Pitham and disease related to Vaatham, Eczema etc.
APPLICATION OF POOCHU (ANOINTING)
Fumigation is an inhalation therapy with medicinal herbs, main purpose of this procedure is infection control. Fume inhalation therapy is given to the patients with respiratory ailments like sinusitis, bronchitis, allergies, ear diseases, dental carries and asthma. This method is also done on different parts of the body apart from inhalation like in non healing ulcers, fistula, ano-rectal diseases, poisonous bites, stings and skin diseases.
KATTU (BANDAGE DRESSING)
The application of medicine made of botanicals, inorganic substances to the affected area and bandaging it – dressing. It is applied for cases with inflammations, open wounds, painful conditions etc.
APPLICATION OF KATTU (BANDAGE DRESSING)
NASIYAM (NASAL DROPS)
A process by which the drug is administered through the nostrils – Nasal instillation. This application wards off the diseases of head such as sinusitis, nasal block, migraine etc. It gives an instant relief.
APPLICATION OF NASIYAM (NASAL DROPS)
VETHU (STEAM INHALATION)
A steam inhalation and steam application to either localized regions or the whole body. It treats anorectal diseases, tremors, Rheumatoid arthritis and conditions associated with Vatham.
VETHU (STEAM INHALATION)
SEELAI (MEDICATED GUAZE / PLASTER)
It is an adjunct used for application to a wound in order to promote healing. It is used for wound healing, chronic ulcers, abscess, neoplasm, fistula etc.
SEELAI (MEDICATED GUAZE)
KOMBU KATTAL ( BONE SETTING)
Kombu kattal is a procedure for immobilizing the fractured bone using splints and bandages with a paste of bone setting herbal materials. This is used to reduce pain and swelling, contusions in fractures.
KOMBUKATTAL - BONE SETTING
POTTANAM (MEDICATED POUCH/PACKS)
Induction of perspiration by applying heat using heated packs of herbal powder. It is used in eye diseases, tridosham, spondylosis etc.
APPLICATION OF POTTANAM (MEDICATED POUCH)
MEDICATED POUCH CONTAINING HERBS
A semisolid lipid or resin / gum based applications .Usually fats are used as bases, vegetable oils or bees wax. As with creams they are emollient and protective, but stay on the skin longer. It is used in headaches and painful conditions.
APPLICATION OF PASAI (CREAM)
A viscous semi solid preparation used topically. Used in Ulcers, Eczema like conditions.
APPLICATION OF KALIMBU (OINMENT)
Peechu is done using medicated water / medicated oil to evacuate rectum.
ENNAI KATTU (OIL POOLING)
This is a procedure of holding warm medicated oil in the affected area for a specific time. A specific oil in a specific amount is poured into the reservoir and kept in the same condition for a time. This helps the oil to penetrate deeper into the tissues, softening the stiff and tight muscles. This helps to alleviate several painful conditions such as Spondylosis, Inter vertebral disc prolapses, Lumbago (low back ache), Sciatica etc.
APPLICATION OF ENNAI KATTU (OIL POOLING)
The physiotherapy section was established on Feb 2013. Our physiotherapy section’s main aim is to promote, maintain and restore physical, psychological and social well-being taking account of variation in health status.
Physiotherapy section provides service to the patients referred by the doctors from various departments.
Physiotherapist does a comprehensive assessment with an individualized treatment plan combining education.
Physiotherapy section take care of conditions like Rheumatoid Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondilitis, Spondylosis conditions, other Ortho Arthritic conditions, Neurological disorders like Hemiplegic, Paraplegic, Cerebellar, Ataxic conditions, Parkinsonism etc.,
Early interventions are done for the pediatric conditions / patient with cerebral palsy, club foot and other conditions.
Physiotherapy section is well equipped with the best and the latest equipments for the exercise therapy and electrotherapy which includes IRR, SWD, Ultra Sound, Paraffin wax bath, Cervical & Lumbar Traction, Muscle Stimulator, Hot & Cold pack applications etc.
Over twelve thousand patients were getting benefited in a year.
PATIENT IN A CEREBRAL PALSY CHAIR FOR SITTING BALANCE
HAND GRIPPING EXERCISE